Most homeowners are not familiar with many roofing terms and therefore are confused when speaking with a roofing professional about the work that is involved in their proposed project. Some customers may know of few basics, but not have a full comprehension of the various parts, materials or how the work should be performed. That is why it’s a good idea to do some advance research and become familiar with roofing terms and procedures in order to communicate more effectively with a contractor on a proposed work plan. The more educated you are about the different types of materials, the better you can make informed choices when contracting for a new roof or a repair and feel more confident in your decisions.
You will want to periodically examine your roof for any defects and be able to know when there are any issues or potential problems to be taken care of, so familiarizing yourself with roofing terms will help you to explain things to a roofing professional.
Common Roofing Terminology
An asphalt shingle is the most popular roofing material in many neighborhoods across the country as it is easier to install and less expensive than other types of materials. It is made of a bituminous pitch covered with sand or granules and is used to provide the roof’s surface.
Roof flashing are materials fitted around chimneys, air vents and around valleys on the roof to provide an airtight and waterproof seal against moisture, wind and water from rain and snow. Flashing can consist of plastic, aluminum, lead, steel or copper, with copper being the most expensive due to its malleability and durability.
Gutters are the channels along the eaves or edges of your roof that collect and direct water to flow down to a downspout which then empties it onto the ground. There are different styles of gutters where some are open and some are closed tubes. Common gutter materials are aluminum, vinyl, steel and copper.
Granules are tiny pieces of different colored crushed rock that are coated onto an asphalt shingle using some type of tar-like substance originally sourced from bitumen or coal. The granules reflect the color of the roof shingles, protect the roof from exposure to sunlight and provide enhanced fire retardation.
The eaves are the roof sections or edges which extend out over your home’s exterior walls.
A truss provides additional strength and support to your roof’s rafters and is typically made of steel or wood depending on where it is installed.
A ridge is formed on a roof when there are two sloping roof planes that meet, forming an external horizontal line.
A roof valley is formed when two sections slope downwards and meet at an angle which is shaped like a V. Where the sections meet in this V form creates an area for water from snow and rain to run off the roof.
Fascia are wooden boards of other flat shaped materials that are used to cover an exposed a rafter which is exposed to the elements. These boards may also be installed on an exterior wall for extra protection.
Roofing underlayment is material installed onto your roof deck as an extra barrier against moisture beneath asphalt shingles.
Roof vents provide appropriate air circulation to prevent the buildup of heat inside an attic which could cause moisture and to maintain a cooler exterior roof temperature in colder climates to control ice buildup. There are intake and exhaust vents used for these purposes that when installed protrude through the roof deck.
A dormer is a small additional structure with windows that is installed on a roof to add a particular look or design to a home.
Located in Charlotte and in need of a roof repair or full roof replacement? Contact the roofing professionals at Southern Star Roofing!